People walked to it over the rugged hills, or came by horse. Ferndale Colliery was a series of nine coal mines, located close to the village of Ferndale, Rhondda Cynon Taf in the Rhondda Valley, South Wales. For just eighteen months later, on June 10th 1869, another explosion occurred at the fated colliery, this time killing 53 men and boys. Price: £23.50. To compensate for this, workers were paid slightly higher than average, plus the mine - then averaging 10,000 tonnes of coal a month - was billed as one of the safest of the time, with a complete ventilation system throughout. The resultant inquest criticised the managers of the pit for not implementing all the recommendations made after the 1867 explosion. At the enquiry the lamp keeper stated that during the period prior to the explosion lamps returned to him often showed signs of being tampered with. Already, previous rock falls had blocked the passage of air through the workings, allowing lethal amounts of flammable gas, or firedamp, to build up. The inquiry heard that, prior to the blast, lamp keeper Thomas Powell had raised the issue of tampered lamps with John Williams. The explosion, it concluded, was the result of a "great accumulation" of gas in the workings - attributed to the "neglect of Mr Williams the manager and his subordinate officers". Subject Coal mines and mining Ferndale Colliery, NSW Collector Andrews, Brian Robert Date 1894. Many of the workers were from Merthyr and Aberdare, having previously worked for the Davies family at mines at Blaengwawr and Abercwmboi, and in these towns crowds now gathered. On Friday was relit and with the improved ventilation the rescuers could venture further into the mines workings. It went on to suggest the Ferndale men wanted to "protract the painful operations going on in the pit, for the purpose of receiving food and drink, (in addition to high wages)". This item will be sent through the Global Shipping Programme and includes international tracking. The terror of the men below the surface was mirrored by those above. Coordinates: 51°39′28″N 3°26′45″W / 51.65778°N 3.44583°W / 51.65778; -3.44583, Last edited on 14 September 2020, at 06:10, "The History of Brynamman: Depths of our Coal Pits", Ferndale Collieries at WelshCoalMines.co.uk, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ferndale_Colliery&oldid=978322407, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 September 2020, at 06:10. He told the Merthyr Express, "I know he would have paid for me if I were in his place.". Ferndale No.1 was developed on the land of the farm at Blaenllechau, within the borough of Ferndale. Working as a coal trimmer, after allowing two wagons to pass, he stepped onto the railway tracks to break up a lump of coal which had fallen onto the empty road leading to No.1 pit screens.

[1], On Friday 8 November 1867, the whole district was shaken by two consecutive explosions at Ferndale No.1. For some, the loss of 231 lives was too much. And nowhere was this felt more than the Rhondda Valley. Eventually, with some trepidation, the furnace which powered the ventilation None the wiser, they worked throughout the morning - using their mandrills, or small picks, to chip off large blocks of coal from the five-foot seam. OCR Text Transcription Edit Edit +-Close. Coffins, paid for by the mine owner David Davies, were brought in by train, with most of the dead buried at St Gwynno's Church in Llanwonno, roughly two miles away. These continued operation successfully under nationalisation from 1947, until the entire complex was finally closed by the National Coal Board in 1959. Video, The Covid doctor whose dance video went viral, 'It was a massacre... We pay for these bullets' Video, 'It was a massacre... We pay for these bullets', 'I caught Covid at my uncle's funeral' Video, Macron leads vigil for beheaded history teacher. Ferndale Colliery, Rhondda Valley, South Wales, The Scene Of The Late Disastrous Explosion, Uk, 1867.

Collection Brian Robert Andrews Collection Geotag not specified Place Newcastle, NSW. But it was the Rhondda district that was worst hit and it was here where loved ones flocked.

Recovering the rest, however, proved a momentous task. Login. Protracted or not, the search still proved gruesome. The first development was by David Davis of Blaengwawr from 1857, in accessing the high quality steam coal and at a greater depth, he spurred others into tapping into the "Black Gold". No.2 and No.4 were sunk in 1870 and 1876, about 1500 yards further to the north. Location: 6½ miles [11 km] SSW of Merthyr Tydfil : Map Ref: (Sheet 170 Vale of Glamorgan West) ST004972, 51° 39' 51" N, 3° 26' 25" W: Opened: Closed: Pits: No. Driving up the shaft with "incredible power," flames shot through the mouth of the pit, reportedly blowing the banksman - the man in charge of loading the cages - from his post. A report in the Merthyr Express said the Ferndale workers accused them of trying to "take the bread from their mouths" - given that they were being paid for their rescue work. VideoThe Covid doctor whose dance video went viral, 'It was a massacre... We pay for these bullets' Video'It was a massacre... We pay for these bullets', Disney's real-life Snow White dies at 101, 'I caught Covid at my uncle's funeral' Video'I caught Covid at my uncle's funeral', Macron leads vigil for beheaded history teacher.

Work parties were quickly assembled to search for victims and by the following day, 53 bodies had been brought to the surface. Cases of acute poverty were recorded - perhaps the worst being "that of a poor woman who saw her husband and three sons brought into the house dead, while six small children clamoured around her for bread". VideoMacron leads vigil for beheaded history teacher, .css-orcmk8-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}Rare green puppy 'Pistachio' born in Italy.css-1dedj2h-Rank{-webkit-align-self:center;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;color:#B80000;margin-left:3.125rem;}1, The Countdown: Debate masks, Jennifer Lawrence and 60 Minutes2, Epstein: Ghislaine Maxwell denies witnessing 'inappropriate' activities3, Trump's lawyer Giuliani dismisses 'compromising' clip from new Borat film4, Poland abortion: Top court bans almost all terminations5, Why Nigerian protesters want Beyoncé to be more like Rihanna6, LGBT students attacked in university Zoom meeting7, Coronavirus: France extends overnight curfew as cases surge8, Asafoetida: The smelly spice India loves but never grew9, Nagorno-Karabakh: Nearly 5,000 dead in conflict, Putin says10. The jury subsequently recommended inspections every three months, and the introduction of "scientific instruments for measuring the quantity and quality of air passing through the colliery". Yet, despite the hardship and grief, the remaining community pulled together. During the industry's heyday in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries, 53 pits were sunk in the region, and the 40,000 strong workforce lost countless lives to pit falls and accidents. With loved ones desperate to reach Ferndale, an emergency train was put on by Taff Vale Railway company (TVR). Ferndale Colliery was a series of nine coal mines, located close to the village of Ferndale, Rhondda Cynon Taf in the Rhondda Valley, South Wales. He added, "As awful as it sounds, miners simply accepted that tragedy was part of life, and that dying in such a horrific way was a chance they had to take.

By 1882, it was reported a total of £21,374 had been raised - a "huge amount" for the time. there were 537 employed at Fernhill Nos.1 and 2 pits, producing Steam coal and at Fernhill levels there were 91 employed producing House coal. And at the subsequent inquiry, heavy blame was place on the mine management. Identifier Bran_album016 Scanned By Sue Paton. Ferndale was remote, a fledgling hamlet set at the top of the valleys, with no road access or passenger railway. They closed No.5 was sunk in 1889 by David Davies & Sons and was situated 40 yards from No.1 at Ferndale, both 400 yards deep. "The lad was not more than 13 years of age," it read. It took a month to recover the remains of the 178 men and boys, with most bodies showing signs of severe burning, and many so badly disfigured it made identification impossible. Jump to: navigation, search. They dubbed Ferndale the "Valley of Death" and moved away. Ferndale Colliery From Graces Guide. Resultantly, their pit head workings were closed on economic grounds, although the workable underground coal faces were consolidated into the remaining shafts. Instead, his was one of the first bodies they found. A heavy fog was blanketing the surrounding mountains of Blaenllechau and Ferndale - two fledgling hamlets separated by the River Rhondda - bringing low air pressure which would prove a fatal factor. Ferndale Colliery. Over the following 50 years, eight further pits were created. This photograph, found between the pages of a book, is unidentified, but clearly shows one of the Lahmeyer alternators at Ferndale Colliery . 2 Pit Click on the image to add a tag or press ESC to cancel. Of the dead, 147 had been burnt by the ferocious fireball, with the others suffocated. men and boys. They were later found to be father and son. Stretching for roughly two miles underground, the Ferndale mine was split into three districts - Duffryn, Rhondda and Globach. On Friday 8th of November 1867 the whole district of Ferndale was shaken by two consecutive explosions.

An explosion - ripping through the mine, burning men and boys on site and causing a cascade of rock falls which would go on to suffocate countless others. Relief funds were set up all over the country, with Queen Victoria giving £200. Describing the scene in a letter to The Times, engineer C. M. Barker, wrote, "The frightful sights, misery, and anguish here are indescribable. In 1908 the employment numbers in the Ferndale pits were No.1 = 999, No.2 = 112, No.3 = 653, No.4 = 632, No.5 =1,096. 8th of November 1867 the whole district of Ferndale was shaken by two consecutive explosions.

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Local historian Alun Clement said: "The tragedy this community suffered was indescribable, particularly the children who lost their fathers. To mark the 150th anniversary of the first Ferndale explosion, a service of remembrance is being held in Ferndale, beginning at 18:00 GMT. the surface showed signs of severe burning and many were so badly disfigured it made identification impossible. [3], On 13 February 1908, 55-year-old former Private Thomas Chester, who 29 years earlier had been one of the defenders during the Battle of Rorke's Drift by thousands of Zulu warriors, was killed in the railway sidings of the coal washery at No.5 pit. Fathers carried up their dead sons on their backs, while the sound of wailing women rang out around the valley. Information on individual collieries kindly supplied by www.welshcoalmines.co.uk. Brass Miners Lamp - Ferndale Colliery 22cm: Condition: Used. Ferndale pits Nos. Two men were discovered who "died in the act of kissing, their lips being, as it were, glued to each other". And on Wednesday 8 November, 150 years ago in 1867, it was Ferndale's time. times it extinguished the flames in their safety lamps. At the the time, the disaster was the biggest in Wales' history - with the youngest victim being just 12. 1890. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Once brought to the surface, bodies were lain out or taken home and covered in sacks, while gas tar with carbolic acid was used to alleviate the smell. The jury concluded:[3], We believe the explosion took place, first: in consequence of a great accumulation of gas in certain workings of the colliery. For the 340 men who descended in cages that morning, the mine was a pressure cooker. "A regular row took place and was carried on so furiously that the landlord had to send for the police," it read.